A Brief History Of Working From Home
A History of Remote Work
After World War 2, the 40-hour workweek, 8-hour workday became the norm in America. In the decades that followed, many salaried employees started to do some work “at home” (which is not quite the same as working “from home”) as they found home work offered a bit more flexibility and fewer opportunities for interruptions than did the office. In 2014, Harvard Business Review reported that people working from home completed 13.5% more calls than people working in an office.
A Work From Home Timeline:
1973: Jack Nilles created the terms “telecommuting” and “teleworking”
1979: IBM allowed 5 employees to work from home as a test. By 1983, nearly 2,000 of its employees were telecommuting
1987: An estimated 1.5 million Americans worked from home
1999: The first wave of internet startups began, almost all as home-based businesses
2000: Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act established a telecommuting policy allowing eligible employees to participate in telecommuting to the maximum extent possible, so long as the employee’s performance is not diminished
2010: The Telework Enhancement Act of 2010 requires each Executive agency to establish and implement a policy under which employees are authorized to telework
2011: EndUserValet.com went online
2013: Zoom was launched, competing with Skype
2014: Zoom reached 10 million users annually
2020: Friday, March 13 – the COVID-19 Quarantine begins
2020: By the end of the year, COVID-19 accelerated the validity of all-remote work, and Zoom reached 300 DAILY meeting participants.